About Chamba

Chamba is bounded on north west by Jammu and Kashmir , on the north -east and east by Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir State and Lahaul and Bara-Bangal area of Himachal Pradesh, on the south-east and south by the District Kangra of Himachal Pradesh and Gurdaspur District of the Punjab . The Chamba District is situated between north latitude 32º 11’ 6” and east longitude 75º 3’ 30”, with an  estimated area of 6528 square Kilometers and is surrounded on all sides by lofty hill ranges. The territory is wholly mountainous with altitude ranging from 600 m to 6300 m.

Regarding the early history of this region it is believed that this area was at time inhabited by certain Kolian tribes, which were later subjugated by the Khasas. The Khasas too after a time came under the sway of Adumbral (2nd centaury B.C.). The Audmabaras had republican form of government and worshiped Shiva as their principal deity. From the Gupta period (4th Century A.D.) the Chamba region was under the control of Thakurs and Ranas who considered themselves superior to the low tribes of Kolis and Khasas. With the rise of Gurjara Prather’s (7th Century A.D.) the Rajput Dynasties came to power.

In circa 500 A.D., a legendary hero called Maru migrated to north-west from   Kalpagrama ( a mythical place from where majority of the Rajput dynasties claim their descent) and founded Brahamputra (Bharmour) in the valley of the Budhal River , seventy five kilometers to the east of present Chamba town. His successors continued to rule over the country from that capital city for over three hundred years until Sahilla Verman    shifted his capital from Brahamputra to the more centrally located plateau in the lower Ravi valley. He named the town after his beloved daughter Champa. The rajas of Chamba continued to rule from here in an uninterrupted  and direct line of descent.

On 15th April 1948 merging three principal states formed Himachal Pradesh viz;   Chamba Mandi-Suket , Sirmaur and all the other state falling in Shimla hills. Raja Sahilla   Verman subjugated the Ranas and unified the territory. Rajas, for better administration divided Chamba into five zones known as Mandlas. These Mandlas were later renamed   as Wizarats. The Wizarats are now called Tehsils. These are Bharmour, Chamba, Bhattiyat, Churah and Pangi.

The total population of Chamba district is 460,887 (Census 2001) comprising 426,345 (92.5%) as rural population and 34,542 (7.5 %) as urban population. More than   70% of the total population depends directly or indirectly upon agriculture for their livelihood. Farm enterprises in the district include cereal crops, pulses, oil seed, vegetables, spices horticulture, animal husbandry, beekeeping, mushroom and   floriculture. Other non farm enterprises in the district are flour mill, saw mill, oil expeller, small scale industries etc. Majority of the families maintain cows, buffaloes, bullocks sheep and goats.