1. Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) is a statutory market committee constituted by a State Government in respect of trade in certain notified agricultural or horticultural or livestock products, under the Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act issued by that state government. Further, APMCs play dual role of regulator and Market. Consequently, their role as regulator is undermined by vested interest in lucrative trade. Generally, member and chairman are nominated/elected out of the agents operating in that market.
  2. Ensuring transparency in the transactions and pricing system of the market area
  3. Providing market-led extension services to farmers  
  4. Ensuring that farmers are paid for the produce sold on the same day
  5. Promoting agricultural processing that will increase the value of the produce
  6. Making the availability and dates public on which the agricultural produce is brought to the market
  7. Promoting and establishing public-private partnerships (PPP) in these markets. 
  8. Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) is a system operating under the State Government since agricultural marketing is a State subject that has Yards/ Mandis in the market area that regulates the notified agricultural produce and livestock.
  9. The introduction of APMC was to limit the occurrence of Distress Sale by the farmers under the pressure and exploitation of creditors and other intermediaries.
  10. Subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall be the duty of the Market Committee

(i) to implement the provisions of this Act., the rules and the bye-laws made there under in the market area; to provide such facilities for marketing of agricultural produce therein as the Director/Managing Director/Board or the State Government may from time to time direct; to do such other acts as may be required in relation to the superintendence, direction and control of market or for regulating marketing of agricultural produce in any place in the market area, and for the purposes connected with the matters aforesaid, and for that purpose may exercise such powers and discharge such functions as may be provided by or under this Act. and to do all such other acts to bring about complete transparency in pricing system and transactions taking place in market area.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the forgoing provisions :-
 (a) Market Committee may (i) maintain and manage the market yards and sub-market yards within the market area;
(ii) provide the necessary facilities for the marketing of agricultural produce within the market yards and outside the market yards and within the sub-market yards and outside the sub-market yards in the market area;
(iii) register or refuse registration to market functionaries and renew, suspend or cancel such registration, supervise the conduct of the market functionaries and enforce conditions of Registration;
(iv) regulate or supervise the auction of notified agricultural produce in accordance with the provision and procedure laid down under the rules made under this Act or bye-laws of the Market Committee ;
(v) conduct or supervise the auction of notified agricultural produce in accordance with the procedure 1aid down under the rules made under this Act or bye-laws of the Market Committee ;
(vi) regulate the making, carrying out and enforcement or cancellation of agreements of sales, Weighment, delivery, payment and all other matters relating to the market of notified agricultural produce in the manner prescribed;
(vii) provide for the settlement of all disputes between the seller and the buyer arising out on any kind of transaction connected with the marketing of notified agricultural produce and all matters ancillary thereto;
(viii) take all possible steps to prevent adulteration of notified agricultural produce; make arrangements for employing by rotation, Weighmen and hammals for weighing and transporting of goods in respect of transactions held in the market yard/ sub yards. Set up and promote public private partnership in management of the Agricultural Markets. To promote public private partnership for carrying out extension activities in its area viz., collection, maintenance and dissemination of information in respect of production, sale storage, processing, prices and movement of notified agricultural produce; take measures for the prevention of purchases and sales below the minimum support prices as fixed by the Government from time to time; levy, take, recover and receive rates, charges, fees and other sums of money to which the Market Committee is entitled; employ the necessary number of officers and servants for the efficient implementation of the provisions of this Act, the rules and the bye-laws as prescribed; regulate the entry of persons and vehicles, traffic into the market yard and sub-market yard vesting in the Market Committee; prosecute persons for violating the provisions of this Act, the rules and the bye-laws and compound such offences; acquire land and dispose of any movable or immovable property for the purpose of efficiently carrying out its duties; impose penalties on persons who contravenes the provisions of this Act, the rules or the bye-laws or the orders or directions issued under this Act, the rules or the bye-laws by the Market Committee , its Chairman or by any officer duly authorised in this behalf; institute or defend any suit, prosecution, action, proceeding, application or arbitration and compromise such suit, action proceeding, application or arbitration; Pay, pension, allowances, gratuities, contribution towards leave allowance, pensions or provident fund of the officers and servants employed by the Market Committee in the manner prescribed; administer Market Committee fund referred to in section-58 and maintain the account thereof in the prescribed manner; keep a set of standard weights and measure in each principal market yard and sub-market yard against which Weighment and measurement may be checked; inspect and verify scales, weights and measures in use in a market area and also the books of accounts and other documents maintained by the market functionaries in such manner as may be prescribed; arrange to obtain fitness (health) certificate from veterinary doctor in respect of animals, cattle birds etc., which are bought or sold in the market yards/market area;. carry out publicity about the benefits of regulation, the system of transaction, facilities provided in the market yard etc. through such means as poster, pamphlets, hoardings, cinema slides, film shows, group meetings, electronic media etc., or through any other means considered more effective or necessary; ensure payment in respect of transactions which take place in the market yard to be made on the same day to the seller, and in default to seize the agricultural produce in question along with other property of the person concerned and to arrange for re-sale thereof and in the event of loss, to recover the same from the original buyer together with charges for recovery of the losses, if any, from the original buyer and effect payment of the price of the agricultural produce to the seller; recover the charges in respect of Weighmen and hammals and distribute the same to Weighmen and hammals if not paid by the purchaser/seller as the ease may be; with the prior sanction of the State Government/ Director/Managing Director undertake the constructions of godowns, roads and such other infrastructure in the market yard/sub yard and market area as may be required to facilitate movement of agricultural produce to the market for benefit of producer sellers and traders operating in the market area. collect and maintain information in respect of production, sale, storage, processing, prices and movement of notified agricultural produce and disseminate such information as directed by the Director;  with a view to maintain stability in the market
(a) take suitable measures to ensure that traders do not buy agricultural produce beyond their capacity and avoid risk to the sellers in disposing of the produce; and
(b) Grant licences only after obtaining necessary security in cash as bank guarantee according to the capacity of the buyers;
to promote and undertake agricultural processing including activity for value addition in agriculture produce.
(3) With the prior sanction of the Director/Managing Director, the Market Committee may undertake the following:
(i) Construction of roads, Godowns and other infrastructure in the market area to facilitate marketing of agricultural produce and for the purpose give grant or advance funds to the Board, the Public Works Department or any other Department or undertaking of the State Government or any other agency authorized by the Director/ Managing Director.
(ii) maintain stocks of fertilizer, pesticides, improved seeds, agricultural equipments, inputs for sale.
(iii) to provide on rent storage facilities for stocking of agricultural produce to agriculturists.
(iv) to give grant for maintenance of the "Goshalas" recognized by the State Govt.
(4)     In addition to above the Market Committee shall also be responsible for

  1. the maintenance of proper checks on all receipts and payment by its officers;
  2.  the proper execution of all works chargeable to the Market Committee fund
  3. keeping a copy of this Act and of the rules and notifications issued there under and of its bye-laws, open to inspection free of charge at its office; and
  4.  Arranging for preventive measures against spread of contagious cattle disease.

(5)     To promote and encourage e-trading, market committee may establish regulatory system, create infrastructure and undertake other activities and steps needed thereto.

Solan Functions